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Health Benefits of 13 Species of Aloe

Written by Dr. Group, DC Founder
There are many different kinds of aloe plants available.

Many species of aloe are popular houseplants because they are versatile and able to thrive indoors without requiring much care. This is beneficial because live plants like aloe can improve air quality and help promote a healthier indoor environment. In fact, indoor plants are one of my recommendations for protecting yourself against sick building syndrome. But that’s not all these plants are good for.

In the U.S., aloe is well-known in for its benefits to the skin. In many cultures around the world, people use a variety of aloe species (there are over 400 [1] such species after all!) for their nutritional and therapeutic properties. Aloe vera is the most encountered species of aloe and the most well known for delivering powerful benefits to your health. In addition to using aloe vera to care for their skin, many people are beginning to enjoy the plant for its nutritional benefits. You may be surprised to learn that aloe vera is a superfood. Few supplements today rival the complete nutritional benefits of this plant.

Of course, many of the lesser known aloe species boast health benefits of their own. Here we will show you 13 of these and explain some of the ways that they can benefit your health.

Benefits of 13 Species of Aloe

The Aloe Arborescens is a flowing aloe plant proven to assist with healing wounds.

1. Aloe Arborescens

Often called the “candelabra aloe”, aloe arborescens can grow up to 10 feet tall and become as big as a small tree. Vibrant red-orange cylindrical flowers rise high from the plant’s leaves to give it a distinctive look. As with many aloe plants, researchers report a variety of healing properties. Aloe arborescens aids in the healing of wounds in animals and shows action against harmful organisms. [2] A study from Italy also showed that when used as a nutrient therapy, it supported the immune system and other health benefits. [3]

Aloe Ferox trees like these, known as Cape Aloe, can be used in laxatives and cosmetic products.

2. Aloe Ferox

Aloe ferox is also known as “cape aloe”, “red aloe” or “tap aloe”. Another tree-like aloe plant that can reach 10 feet in height, its red flowers grow 2 to 4 feet above its leaves. Extracts from this plant have natural laxative properties and studies show it as effective against occasional constipation. [4] Researchers have found that oil from the seeds contains high levels of linoleic, stearic and oleic fatty acids used in many cosmetics and may offer a natural way to nourish and rejuvenate the skin. [5]

Aloe Striata plants like these are great plants for healthier breathing.

3. Aloe Striata

This small, stemless aloe plant is called “coral aloe” because of the pink tint on its leaves. Aloe striata have wide, smooth leaves. This is a far cry from the “teeth”, or small spiky-projections, found in many aloe varieties. This particular species survives in hot, dry environments and is well-known for its ability to store large amounts of water. It’s a hardy plant that gardeners absolutely love. Research suggests it may support digestion. [6]

Aloe Aristata is a beautiful plant that has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for generations.

4. Aloe Aristata

The stemless aloe, also called “lace aloe” and “guinea-fowl” aloe, is known for its deep green, saw toothed leaves and their unique white speckles. It looks a lot like another common succulent, the haworthia, and is often confused with this distant cousin. Its large orange flowers attract a variety of birds and insects, especially bees, that encourage the health and longevity of this plant and other plants in its immediate area. That makes it another excellent plant for gardens, as it requires little care and thrives in warm and cool climates. The aloe aristata also has therapeutic roots, as it is used it for wound healing in Ayurveda. [7]

Aloe Marlothii plants like these are not only beautiful but can be used to help keep skin moisturized.

5. Aloe Marlothii

Known as “mountain aloe”, aloe marlothii can reach heights of 20 feet tall. It features robust, spiky-grey-green leaves that can reach 5 feet long that grow from a central “head”. Its flowers range in color from orange to yellow to a vibrant red. A recent study found that aloe marlothii can be used to moisturize skin and may promote overall skin health similar to aloe vera. [8]

Spiral Aloe plants like these are not used in health products any longer as the species population is decreasing.

6. Aloe Polyphylla

While many species of aloe are used in cosmetic products, you won’t find the aloe polyphylla in your local beauty shop. Highly coveted for its beauty, overuse as an ornamental plant has greatly over-extended this particular aloe and has led to a severe decline in its population. Frequently called “spiral aloe”, this plant has a distinct, 5-point growing pattern with flowers of different shades of red and leaves with serrated edges and sharp tips.

Aloe Plicatilis like shown here feature beautiful fan-like leaves and stunning, colorful clusters of flowers.

7. Aloe Plicatilis

Another aloe that has been all but depleted by its widespread use as a decoration, aloe plicatilis is known for its fan-like leaves that inspired its common name “fan aloe”. This particular species can grow to be over 10 feet tall. Today, this plant is protected from common uses, such as becoming an ingredient in cosmetic or therapeutic products. That’s because the aloe plicatilis is now an endangered species.

The Aloe Dichotoma, also called the Quiver Tree, provides a tremendous amount of environmental support for plants and animals within its immediate environment.

8. Aloe Dichotoma

Aloe dichotoma, or the “quiver tree”, is a tall aloe species that grows tall and branches out like a tree. Once frequently used in landscaping to provide support for its the surrounding environment, this aloe was labeled “critically endangered” in 2011.

Aloe Petricola plants like these have been used to treat the skin where minor wounds and burns have occurred.
Photo property of DavesGarden.com, credited to Geoff Stein.

9. Aloe Petricola

The aloe petricola plant is a popular addition to any garden because of its vibrant orange, yellow and red flowers. Known as the “stone aloe”, this particularly species is a great environmental booster. Never underestimate the power that plants can have on the other living things in their immediate vicinity!

Common Climbing Aloes, or Aloe Ciliaris plants, have long beautiful flowers that are known for attracting birds and bees that help enhance the ecological health of all plant life around them.

10. Aloe Ciliaris

Aloe ciliaris, frequently called the “common climbing aloe”, is a thin, tough plant that is known for growing incredibly quickly. It also boasts tubular red flowers and has soft, hair-like teeth. Aloe ciliaris is another aloe that does well in a garden, as it is known for attracting bees and birds that enrich and support other surrounding plant life.

The Aloe Maculata plant is a wonderful addition to any garden, as it is a highly adaptable plant whose long, tubular flowers are irresistible to the birds and bees who can help pollinate surrounding plants.

11. Aloe Maculata

Referred to as “soap aloe”, the sap of aloe maculata makes a soapy lather in water. Another popular nickname for this particular aloe is the “zebra aloe”. You can recognize this aloe species by its long tubular flowers that range in color from red and green with spots that look like the letter “H”. One unique attribute of this particular species of aloe is that its pollen generation can be increased by smoke [9] making it incredibly widely available. This makes the aloe maculata a popular choice among gardeners who are able to utilize this plant’s unique ability to support its surrounding environment.

Despite its spiky appearance, the Aloe Humilis has been proven to be effective in providing relief against sunburn.

12. Aloe Humilis

The aloe humilis plant has long, narrow triangular leaves lined with white teeth. Its stem also sprouts clusters of red, orange, and yellow flowers. The fresh gel of this particular plant has been shown to relieve sunburns as well as popular gels made from another popular aloe, aloe vera. [10]

Tree Aloe plants, also known as Aloe Barberae, have been proven to offer a variety of health benefits.

13. Aloe Barberae

This “tree aloe” is often cross-bred with aloe dichotoma to produce a popular hybrid called “Aloe X Hercules”. Aloe barberae itself grows over 50 feet tall, features rose-pink flowers with green tips and can be used to support your health in a number of different ways. Studies show it's powerful against harmful organisms and has ultra soothing properties. [11]

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Powers of the Aloe Plant

Remember, there are over 400 species of aloe with each plant providing unique health benefits. We’ve only introduced 13 of these here. Nutrient-dense plants like aloe vera offer effective ways to consume important vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that support your overall health and well-being. Aloe vera juice has become a popular way to take aloe, but I recommend Global Healing's Aloe Vera. This is a new bioactive aloe vera supplement I created to make it easier to get the nutrients that will benefit you the most. Global Healing's Aloe Vera is made from 100% organic inner aloe vera leaf and has a bioactive profile similar to pure aloe vera.

References (11)
  1. University of California Davis, “The Genus Aloe”, Botanical Notes, (2009): 1.
  2. Jia Y1, Zhao G, Jia J. Preliminary evaluation: the effects of Aloe ferox Miller and Aloe arborescens Miller on wound healing. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Nov 20;120(2):181-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2008.08.008. Epub 2008 Aug 15.
  3. Lissoni P1, Rovelli F, Brivio F, Zago R, Colciago M, Messina G, Mora A, Porro G. A randomized study of chemotherapy versus biochemotherapy with chemotherapy plus Aloe arborescens in patients with metastatic cancer. In Vivo. 2009 Jan-Feb;23(1):171-5.
  4. Wintola OA1, Sunmonu TO, Afolayan AJ. The effect of Aloe ferox Mill. in the treatment of loperamide-induced constipation in Wistar rats. BMC Gastroenterol. 2010 Aug 19;10:95. doi: 10.1186/1471-230X-10-95.
  5. Dangarembizi R1, Chivandi E, Erlwanger K. Aloe ferox seed: a potential source of oil for cosmetic and pharmaceutical use. Nat Prod Commun. 2013 Mar;8(3):411-4.
  6. Fritz Light, “Aloe Striata Plant Defense Compounds Produced in Response to Jasmonic Acid, Salicylic Acid, and Eriophyid Mite Salivary Extract Elicitor Compounds” (MS diss., California Polytechnic State University, 2012).
  7. Biswas TK1, Mukherjee B. Plant medicines of Indian origin for wound healing activity: a review. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2003 Mar;2(1):25-39.
  8. Fox LT1, du Plessis J1, Gerber M1, van Zyl S2, Boneschans B2, Hamman JH1. In Vivo skin hydration and anti-erythema effects of Aloe vera, Aloe ferox and Aloe marlothii gel materials after single and multiple applications. Pharmacogn Mag. 2014 Apr;10(Suppl 2):S392-403. doi: 10.4103/0973-1296.133291.
  9. Kumari A1, Papenfus HB1, Kulkarni MG1, Pošta M2, Van Staden J1. Effect of smoke derivatives on in vitro pollen germination and pollen tube elongation of species from different plant families. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2015 Jul;17(4):825-30. doi: 10.1111/plb.12300. Epub 2015 Jan 23.
  10. University of California Irvine. Aloe Humilis.
  11. Ndhlala AR1, Amoo SO, Stafford GI, Finnie JF, Van Staden J. Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and mutagenic investigation of the South African tree aloe (Aloe barberae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Jul 30;124(3):404-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.05.037. Epub 2009 Jun 6.

†Results may vary. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. If you have a severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician.


A bottle of Berberine